Sport self-talk: An interpretative review

Alexander T. Latinjak, Yago Ramis, Antonis Hatzigeorgiadis, Miquel Torregrosa

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleResearchpeer-review


© 2018 Sociedad Revista de Psicologia del Deporte. All rights reserved. There currently exists a great deal of available evidence that shows how important self-talk is for performance and self-regulation in sport. Hence, it is not surprising that, during the past few decades, research into sport self-talk has consistently been growing. Nonetheless, the term self-talk refers to different cognitive processes, which makes the conceptual delimitation of self-talk difficult. The purpose of this interpretative review was to present the state-of-the-art in sport self-talk research in order to solve this conceptual confusion and thereby to promote research in the Spanish-speaking world. Specifically, in this review we focused on (a) the development of the major research trends in sport self-talk and, in relation to them (b) the definitions of different types of self-talk in sport, (c) self-talk assessment instruments and their relationships with other examined variables, and (d) the different types of self-talk interventions and their respective effects on sport performance.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)75-86
JournalRevista de Psicologia del Deporte
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017


  • Athletes
  • Cognitive processes
  • Performance
  • Self-regulation
  • Thoughts


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