Spinal Cord in Multiple Sclerosis: Magnetic Resonance Imaging Features and Differential Diagnosis

Alex Rovira, Cristina Auger

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

    8 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    © 2016 Elsevier Inc. Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an idiopathic inflammatory disorder of the central nervous system that affects not only the brain but also the spinal cord. In the diagnostic and monitoring process of MS, spinal cord magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is not performed as commonly as brain MRI, mainly because of certain technical difficulties and the increase in total acquisition time. Nonetheless, spinal cord MRI findings are important to establish a prompt accurate diagnosis of MS, impart prognostic information, and provide valuable data for monitoring the disease course in certain cases. In this article, we discuss the technical aspects of spinal cord MRI, the typical MRI features of the spinal cord in MS, the clinical indications for this examination, and the differential diagnosis with other disorders that may produce similar clinical or MRI findings.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)396-410
    JournalSeminars in Ultrasound, CT and MRI
    Volume37
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2016

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