The present study was conducted to determine whether there is any correlation between sperm motion and rheological behavior of the anterior vaginal fluid of superovulated dairy heifers. Vaginal fluid samples were collected from 16 superovulated dairy heifers from 12 to 20 h after estrus detection. Flow behavior was evaluated. The mean consistency index was 56.6 ± 23.9 miliPascals per secondn (mPa.sn) and ranged from 2.2 to 278 mPa.sn. Of 16 samples of anterior vaginal fluid, 11 (69%) behaved as Newtonian fluids, while 5 (31%) behaved as non-Newtonian fluids. Concentrations and motility parameters of bull spermatozoa were evaluated into vaginal fluid samples after 30 min of incubation. The sperm concentrations were lower (P=0.01) in non-Newtonian than in Newtonian samples and were negatively correlated (P=0.009; r = - 0.62) with the index of consistency. The motility parameters such as average path velocity (VAP), curvilinear velocity (VCL) and linear velocity (VSL) were significantly higher in non-Newtonian than in Newtonian samples and were positively correlated with the index of consistency. Our data show that as mechanical resistance of vaginal fluid to sperm increases, the motility parameters increase while the migration efficiency appears to decrease. © 1994.
- flow behavior
- sperm motion
- superovulated dairy heifers
- vaginal fluid
López-Gatius, F., Rutllan, J., López-Béjar, M., & Labèrnia, J. (1994). Sperm motion and rheological behavior of the vaginal fluid of superovulated dairy heifers. Theriogenology, 41, 1523-1531. https://doi.org/10.1016/0093-691X(94)90203-U