Spectral Prototype Extraction for dimensionality reduction in brain tumour diagnosis

Sandra Ortega-Martorell, Iván Olier, Alfredo Vellido, Margarida Julià-Sapé, Carles Arús

Research output: Other contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Diagnosis in neuro-oncology can be assisted by non-invasive data acquisition techniques such as Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (MRS). From the viewpoint of computer-based brain tumour classification, the high dimensionality of MRS poses a difficulty, and the use of dimensionality reduction (DR) techniques is advisable. Despite some important limitations, Principal Component Analysis (PCA) is commonly used for DR in MRS data analysis. Here, we define a novel DR technique, namely Spectral Prototype Extraction, based on a manifold-constrained Hidden Markov Model (HMM). Its formulation within a variational Bayesian framework imbues it with regularization properties that minimize the negative effect of the presence of noise in the data. Its use for MRS pre-processing is illustrated in a difficult brain tumour classification problem.

Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Publication series

NameProceedings of the 18th European Symposium on Artificial Neural Networks - Computational Intelligence and Machine Learning, ESANN 2010

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