Specific improvement measures to reduce complications and mortality after urgent surgery in complicated abdominal wall hernia

M. A. Martínez-Serrano, J. A. Pereira*, J. Sancho, N. Argudo, M. López-Cano, L. Grande

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose Morbidity and mortality are increased after urgent surgery for complicated abdominal wall hernia. We analysed prospectively early morbidity and mortality after implementing specific management measures in patients undergoing urgent hernia repair. Methods The study population included 244 patients with complicated abdominal wall hernia requiring surgical repair on an emergency basis over 1-year period. Patients were managed according to a protocol that included specific actions to be implemented in the pre-, intra- and postoperative periods. Outcomes of these patients were compared with those of 402 undergoing similar operations before development of the protocol. Results Patients in whom acute complication was the first hernia symptom had higher mortality (7.2% vs 2.5%; P = 0.07) and were consulted later than 24 h (49.4% vs 36%; P = 0.044). Patients consulting later than 24 h had higher mortality (8.1% vs 1.4%, P = 0.017). Femoral hernias exhibited specific characteristics and were associated with higher mortality (13% vs 1.6%; P = 0.001). Overall, both groups had similar mortality (4.5% vs 4.1%; P = 0.8); complications (38.8% vs 37.7%; P = 0.2), and bowel resection rates (12.2% vs 11.5%; P = 0.8). Excluding the group of femoral hernias, the measures achieved a lower rate of severe complications (21.2% vs 10.3%; P = 0.04) and a decrease in mortality (2.9% vs 0.6%; P = 0.05) after bowel resection. Conclusions Specific measures for improvement of management and prevention of complications and ortality were effective in patients without femoral hernia. To reduce mortality, the best applicable measure is early detection and to prioritize the scheduled operation of femoral hernias and those affecting high risk patients. The implementation of preventive and educational programs in high risk patients is essential.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)171-177
Number of pages7
JournalHernia
Volume16
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2012

Keywords

  • Abdominal wall hernia repair
  • Incarcerated hernia
  • Mortality
  • Perioperative complications
  • Strangulated hernia

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