Spanish validation of the Autonomic Standards Assessment Form in spinal cord injuries

Ll Montesinos-Magraner, C. Castellano-Tejedor, A. Frías, P. Launois, K. Rojas-Cuotto, M. A. González-Viejo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearch

1 Citation (Scopus)


© 2018 Introduction and objectives: Autonomic nervous system (ANS) dysfunction in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI) severely impacts morbidity and mortality. However, research initiatives aiming to gain insight into the direct impact of ANS dysfunction on health outcomes in persons with SCI are still lacking. Thus, this study had 2 main objectives: 1) to translate into Spanish the revised edition of the International Standards on documentation of remaining Autonomic Function after SCI (ISAFSCI), and 2) to describe the impact of ANS dysfunction in a sample of SCI patients. Material and methods: Cross-sectional observational pilot study in 51 traumatic SCI patients (> 1 year after injury). Demographic, medical and ISAFSCI data were studied. Results: The Spanish version of the ISAFSCI showed that the most altered systems in the sample were sweating control (above-lesion hyperhidrosis in 33.3%; below-lesion hyperhidrosis in 17.6%; below-lesion hypohidrosis in 21.6%) and temperature control (hyperthermia in 76.5%). In addition, 74.5% of the sample had complete loss of control of the lower urinary tract, and 82.4% had no control of the bowel. Finally, genital arousal was reflex in 47.1% and orgasm and ejaculation were reduced or altered in most of the patients (92.2% and 84.3%, respectively). Conclusion: The Spanish version of the ISAFSCI is a useful and practical tool, and can be employed in clinical practice to assess ANS function in patients with SCI. Understanding the role of ANS in persons with SCI is crucial to improve their health status and reduce secondary complications post-SCI, and consequently help to improve the clinical management in these individuals.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)20-27
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019


  • Assessment
  • Autonomic function
  • Autonomic nervous system
  • Classification
  • Physical examination
  • Spinal cord injury


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