Spanish validation of the adult Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Rating Scale (ADHD-RS): relevance of clinical subtypes

Vanesa Richarte, Montserrat Corrales, Marian Pozuelo, Juanfran Serra-Pla, Pol Ibáñez, Eva Calvo, Margarida Corominas, Rosa Bosch, Miquel Casas, Josep Antoni Ramos-Quiroga

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Abstract

© 2017 SEP y SEPB Introduction Adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has a prevalence between 2.5% and 4% of the general adult population. Over the past few decades, self-report measures have been developed for the current evaluation of adult ADHD. The ADHD-RS is a 18-items scale self-report version for assessing symptoms for ADHD DSM-IV. A validation of Spanish version of the ADHD-RS was performed. Material and method The sample consisted of 304 adult with ADHD and 94 controls. A case control study was carried out (adult ADHD vs. non ADHD). The diagnosis of ADHD was evaluated with the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCID-I) and the Conners Adult ADHD Diagnostic Interview for DSM-IV (CAADID-II). To determinate the internal validity of the two dimensions structure of ADHD-RS an exploratory factor analysis was performed. The α-coefficients were taken as a measure of the internal consistency of the dimensions considered. A logistic regression study was carried out to evaluate the model in terms of sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive values (NPV). Results Average age was 33.29 (SD = 10.50) and 66% of subjects were men (there were no significant differences between the two groups). Factor analysis was done with a principal component analysis followed by a normalized varimax rotation. The Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin measure of sampling adequacy tests was.868 (remarkable) and the Bartlett's test of sphericity was 2 (153) = 1,835.76, P <.0005, indicating the appropriateness of the factor analysis. This two-factor model accounted for 37.81% of the explained variance. The α-coefficient of the two factors was.84 and.82. The original strategy proposed 24 point for cut-off: sensitivity (81.9%), specificity (74.7%), PPV (50.0%), NPV (93.0%), kappa coefficient.78 and area under the curve (AUC).89. The new score strategy proposed by our group suggests different cut-off for different clinical presentations. The 24 point is the best cut-off for ADHD combined presentation: sensitivity (81.9%), specificity (87.3%), PPV (78.6%), NPV (89.4%), kappa coefficient.88 and AUC.94, and 21 point is the best cut-off for ADHD predominantly inattentive presentation: sensitivity (70.2%), specificity (76.1%), PPV (71.7%), NPV (74.8%), kappa coefficient.88 and AUC.94. Conclusions In this study, the Spanish version of the ADHD-RS is a valid scale to discriminate between ADHD adults and controls. The new proposed score strategy suggests the relevance of clinical presentations in the different cut-offs selected.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)185-191
JournalRevista de Psiquiatria y Salud Mental
Volume10
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2017

Keywords

  • Adults
  • Assessment
  • Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Rating Scale
  • Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
  • Scale
  • Subtypes

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