The authors have analyzed the Spanish presence in the IASP, the International Association for the Study of Pain which, since its creation in 1973, is the principal driving force for the pain research in the world. The period 1984-1996 has been analyzed to know some of the characteristics of the current Spanish members in the IASP, number of members, temporal evolution, distribution by medical specialities and by Autonomous Communities. With this aim the IASP Directory of Members and the IASP Annual Reports of these years have been analyzed. The distribution of members in the European Union (UE) and in those countries of the rest of the world with more members than Spain were also evaluated. In 1996 the USA (2387) were the most outstanding country, followed in the distance by Canada (407), United Kingdom (371), Australia (344) and Japan (300). Among the European Union countries, Spain ranked the seven with 96 members in 1996. However, considering the relative number of members (by 1.000 doctors or by one million of inhabitants), Spain was the last UE country. With regard to the temporal evolution, the number of IASP members have triplicated in the world, whereas in Spain it only duplicated since 1984, being at present the same since 1991. The analysis by medical specialities in 1996 showed the high presence of anesthesiologists, with a greater percentage in Spain than in the rest of the world. They were followed by neuroscientists and psychologists with the lack of members of other medical specialities, notably represented in the IASP. The evolution of the Spanish members by medical specialities showed an important increase in neurosciences and psychology, which have eightfold its members since 1985. Finally, the distribution by Autonomous Communities (CCAA) showed that more than the half of the Spanish members belongs to Catalunya, Madrid and Valencia, having the latter the most significant relative increase. Six CCAA do not have any member in the IASP. In conclusion, the Spanish presence in the IASP is smaller than those of the EU countries. Moreover, it is clearly concentrated in a small number of CCAA and in a few specialized medical fields. These data suggest a relative lack of interest of the Spanish health community towards the investigation and assistance of situations dealing with pain.
|Publication status||Published - 1 Dec 1997|
- Geographical distribution
- Medical specialities
- Pain attitudes