Spanish Language Geography

A. Albet, P. Zusman

Research output: Chapter in BookChapterResearchpeer-review


© 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. In Spain, geography reached an effective institutionalization only after 1940 but its firm university status was achieved in the late 1970s when students enrolled enmasse and a geography degree curriculum and some geography departments could be created. The Vidalian geographical tradition has been the most influential one until very recent times, but most of Spanish geography is still very descriptive although the introduction of quantitative methodologies gave an apparent touch of modernity. In recent years, geography has established itself as an emerging profession in Spain, mainly in applied fields, but concurrence with other professions is strong. By the end of the nineteenth century, Latin America's geography was associated with the practices of the modern nation-states defining their territories, and sometimes the role of military geographical institutes was crucial. In the 1960s, a proposal for a critical geography was designed and the idea of 'social space' appeared as a key concept of the analysis, having Milton Santos as an influential figure. More recently, and after the dark period of the dictatorships, the interest raised by the environmental issues and geographic information systems (GISs) has led to a renaissance in geographic studies.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInternational Encyclopedia of Human Geography
Number of pages5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2009


  • Catalonia
  • Geographical congresses
  • Geographical societies
  • Geography's institutionalization
  • Latin America
  • Military geographical institutes
  • Milton Santos
  • Professional geography
  • Spain
  • Vidalian geography


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