Spain and the Republic of China (Taiwan): "the Sentinels of the West and the East" (1953-1973)

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This article aims to approach two far-right regimes united by a common value as was anti-communism in the Cold War global context, and its relations that were established between them from 1953 to 1973. These two dictatorial regimes were the Francisco Franco's Spain and the Chiang Kai-shek's Republic of China (ROC) in Taiwan. They were very different in terms of history, culture, religion and geography and were so physically far away from each other, but in fact they established a cooperation full of ideological camaraderie and shared many similarities in governance. This article examined the preambles to the official establishment of the diplomatic relations between the two regimes and subsequently focus on the connections and the exchanges on a politico-diplomatic, military and cultural level between them until the end of aforesaid relations in 1973.
Translated title of the contributionEspaña y la República de China (Taiwan): "Los centinelas de occidente y oriente" (1953-1973)
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5-53
Number of pages48
Journal歷史臺灣 [Taiwan History]
Issue number16
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2018


  • Anti-communism, Chiang Kai-shek, Franco, Republic of China, Spain


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