Soybean (Glycine max) cell wall composition and availability to feed enzymes

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Abstract

Defatted untoasted soybean cotyledons and hulls were fractionated as water solutes (WSc and WSh) and water unextractable (WUc and WUh). Further fractionation of WUc through deproteinization yielded the isolation of a water unextractable solid (WUS) fraction that was mainly composed (molar percent) of galactose (28.1%), glucose (27.8%), arabinose (13.3%), and uronic acids (17.6%), which accounted for 76% of the water insoluble polysaccharides in soybean cotyledons (WUc). The cell wall (WUS) was sequentially fractionated with chelating agents (chelating agent soluble solids, ChSS) and a gradient of agents (dilute alkali, DASS; 1 M alkali, 1MASS; and 4M alkali, 4MASS), which gave a final cellulosic residue. The ChSS and DASS extracts were characterized as pectin-rich fractions, whereas 1MASS and 4MASS were hemicellulose- and cellulose-rich fractions. Incubation in vitro of the WUc fraction with pectinase, cellulase, and xylanase resulted in the release of low amounts (not more than 5% bound basis) of monosaccharides, mostly uronic acids, xylose, and arabinose. Protein extraction hardly increased this release after enzymatic incubation (<7%). However, progressive fractionation of the cell wall matrix markedly increased the release of monosaccharides from pectin-(ChSS and DASS) and hemicellulose-rich fractions (1MASS and 4MASS). Significant degradation of cellulose (up.to 20%) was achieved only after complete protein, pectin, and hemicellulose extraction.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1933-1938
JournalJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Volume50
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 27 Mar 2002

Keywords

  • Cell wall components
  • Enzymes
  • Polysaccharides
  • Soybean meal

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