Some factors affecting the abortion rate in dairy herds with high incidence of neospora-associated abortions are different in cows and heifers

J. L. Yániz, F. López-Gatius, I. García-Ispierto, G. Bech-Sàbat, B. Serrano, C. Nogareda, J. A. Sanchez-Nadal, S. Almeria, P. Santolaria

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26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Contents: The aim of this study was to determine if the factors affecting the abortion rate in dairy herds with high incidence of Neospora-associated abortions are different in pregnancies of cows and heifers chronically infected with Neospora caninum. In heifers (n = 229), an increase in the cumulative number of days with a mean relative humidity (RH) lower than 60% during the second trimester of gestation increases the risk of abortion. Yet, the likelihood of abortion was 7.6 times lower for pregnant heifers inseminated with Limousin bull semen, compared with those inseminated with Holstein-Friesian bull semen. In pregnancies of parous cows (n = 521), an increase in rainfall and in the cumulative number of days with a mean RH lower than 60% during the second trimester of gestation increased the abortion rate. However, in contrast, an increase in the lactation number produced a decrease in the abortion rate, with a likelihood of abortion 4.8 times lower for pregnant cows inseminated with Limousin bull semen, and three times lower for those inseminated with Belgian Blue bull semen, compared with dairy cows inseminated with Holstein-Friesian bull semen. Finally, the likelihood of abortion was 3.2 times lower for pregnancies of parous cows with low antibody titres against N. caninum (6-30 units) as compared to those with high antibody titres (≥30 units), whereas in heifers this variable had no effect. The practical recommendations of the present study include the control of the cow environment during the second trimester of gestation, the priority of culling for parous cows with higher antibody titres against N. caninum and the insemination of Neospora-seropositive cows with semen from the Limousin breed. © 2009 Blackwell Verlag GmbH.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)699-705
JournalReproduction in Domestic Animals
Volume45
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2010

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