Somatostatin plus isosorbide 5-mononitrate versus somatostatin in the control of acute gastro-oesophageal variceal bleeding: A double blind, randomised, placebo controlled clinical trial

F. Junquera, J. C. López-Talavera, F. Mearin, E. Saperas, S. Videla, J. R. Armengol, R. Esteban, J. R. Malagelada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background - Variceal bleeding is a severe complication of portal hypertension. Somatostatin reduces portal pressure by decreasing splanchnic blood flow, and nitrates by diminishing intrahepatic resistance. Experimental studies have shown that the combination of somatostatin and nitrates has an additive effect in decreasing portal pressure. Aim - To compare the therapeutic efficacy of either intravenous infusion of somatostatin plus oral isosorbide 5-mononitrate or somatostatin alone in gastrooesophageal variceal bleeding associated with liver cirrhosis. Methods - A unicentre, double blind, placebo controlled, clinical trial was conducted. Sixty patients bleeding from oesophageal or gastric varices were randomised to receive intravenous infusion of somatostatin (250 μg/hour) plus oral isosorbide 5- mononitrate (40 mg/12 hours) (group I) or somatostatin infusion plus placebo (group II) for 72 hours. Results - The two groups of patients had similar clinical, endoscopic, and haematological characteristics. Control of bleeding was achieved in 18 out of 30 patients (60%) in group I and 26 out of 30 patients (87%) in group II (p<0.05). There was no significant difference in mean transfusion requirements between the two groups: 2.6 (2.2) v 1.8 (1.6) respectively; means (SD). Mortality and side effects were similar in the two groups, but development of ascites was higher in group I (30%) than in group II (7%) (p<0.05). Conclusion - In cirrhotic patients with acute gastro- oesophageal variceal bleeding, addition of isosorbide 5-mononitrate to somatostatin does not improve therapeutic efficacy, induces more adverse effects, and should not be used.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)127-132
JournalGut
Volume46
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 May 2000

Keywords

  • Clinical trial
  • Gastro-oesophageal bleeding
  • Haemorrhage
  • Isosorbide 5-mononitrate
  • Portal hypertension
  • Somatostatin

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Somatostatin plus isosorbide 5-mononitrate versus somatostatin in the control of acute gastro-oesophageal variceal bleeding: A double blind, randomised, placebo controlled clinical trial'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this