A solvent impregnated hollow fibre (SIHF) module has been developed for the preconcentration of lead by using bis(2-ethylhexyl) phosphoric acid (DEHPA) dissolved in kerosene as extractant. The module has been designed for an on-line determination of trace amounts of lead(II) at mgl-1 (ppm) level by flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS).The SIHF system is based on the metal liquid-liquid distribution between aqueous solutions of different acidity and the mentioned organic solution. The highest enrichment factor of Pb(II) was determined at pH=4.0 using a formic acid/formiate buffer solution.Preconcentration experiments were carried out at low lead(II) concentration (mgl-1 level) by using the SIHF module. This study includes the influence of hydrodynamic and chemical conditions on the loading and elution of Pb(II) on the SIHF, i.e., flow rate through the fibres, acidity of the eluent (as nitric acid concentration) and the chemical nature of the acid used in the elution. Breakthrough curves were determined for different sampling flow rates, 0.54mlmin-1 was selected to minimise the loading volume of Pb(II) sample. 0.1M nitric acid was chosen as eluent solution, and perchloric acid also shows appropriate elution characteristics. The degree of concentration obtained for Pb(II) are of 10 fold the original concentration. The quantification limit for Pb(II) achieved with this preconcentration system is 0.17mgl-1.The results obtained indicate that the SIHF system can be applied for on-line determination of trace amounts of lead(II) by FAAS. Copyright (C) 1998 Elsevier Science B.V.
- Flame atomic absorption spectrometry
- Lead(II) preconcentration
- On-line determination
- Solvent impregnated hollow fibre