Socioeconomic status in childhood and obesity in adults: A population-based study

Katia Jakovljevic Pudla Wagner, João Luiz Dornelles Bastos, Albert Navarro, David Alejandro Gonzalez-Chica, Antonio Fernando Boing

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2018, Universidade de Sao Paulo. OBJECTIVE: To test whether there is an association between socioeconomic status in childhood and measures of body mass index, waist circumference and the presence of overall and abdominal obesity in adult life. METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis of a population-based cohort study, including a sample of adults (22-63 years old) living in Florianópolis, Southern Brazil. The socioeconomic status in childhood was analyzed through the education level of the participant's parents. Height, weight and waist circumference were measured by previously trained interviewers. Linear and logistic regressions with adjustment for confounding factors and stratification of data according to gender were used. RESULTS: Of the 1,222 adults evaluated, 20.4% (95%CI 18.1-22.8) presented overall obesity and 24.8% (95%CI 22.4-27.4), abdominal obesity. The body mass index and waist circumference averages among women were, respectively, 1.2 kg/m2 (95%CI -2.3- -0.04) and 2.8 cm (95%CI -5.3- -0.2) lower among those with higher socioeconomic status in childhood. Among men, waist circumference was 3.9 cm (95%CI 1.0-6.8) higher in individuals with higher socioeconomic status in childhood. Regarding obesity, women of higher socioeconomic status in childhood had lower odds of abdominal obesity (OR = 0.56, 95%CI 0.34-0.90), and no such association was observed among men. CONCLUSIONS: The socioeconomic status in childhood influences body mass index, waist circumference and obesity in adults, with a difference in the direction of association according to gender. The higher socioeconomic status among men and the lower socioeconomic status among women were associated with higher adiposity indicators.
Original languageEnglish
Article number15
JournalRevista de Saude Publica
Volume52
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018

Keywords

  • Adult
  • Cross-sectional studies
  • Epidemiology
  • Obesity
  • Risk factors
  • Socioeconomic factors

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Socioeconomic status in childhood and obesity in adults: A population-based study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this