This article examines how the socio-demographic characteristics of residents in low-density suburban developments are important factors in understanding and predicting the attitudes and behaviors of residents in relation to residential water use. This paper is based on information obtained from 230 surveyed residents in 9 municipalities of Girona (northeast Catalonia, Spain). First, we seek to define the socio-demographic profiles of the various population groups according to their members' birthplace. Subsequently, based on the existing literature, we analyze the relationships between social groups, their socio-demographic characteristics and their attitudes and behaviors regarding residential water use. Finally, after applying a Generalized Linear Mixed Model with panel data from 77 respondents, we examine whether the birthplace of the surveyed residents and their attitudes toward the conservation of water in homes are relevant factors in determining domestic water consumption. The results demonstrate the significance of birthplace (with its related socio-demographic and urban dynamics) and water conservation attitudes on residential water use and, therefore, the need to take these factors into account when managing this resource. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.
- Domestic water consumption
- Low-density suburban developments
- Socio-demographic characteristics
- Water conservation attitudes