Social Responsiveness and Psychosocial Functioning in Adults with Prader-Willi Syndrome

Diego Palao, Assumpta Caixàs i Pedragós, Meritxell Fernández-Lafitte, Jesus Cobo, Ramon Coronas, Isabel Parra Uribe, Joan Carles Oliva, Aida Àlvarez, Susanna Esteba-Castillo, Olga Giménez-Palop

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2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Although various studies have investigated symptoms of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS), little is known about the consequences of these symptoms, especially in psychosocial function. We aimed to explore ASD symptoms in adults with PWS with special attention to psychosocial functionality. This cross-sectional study included 26 adults (15 women) with PWS who attended a reference unit for rare diseases. Participants' primary caregivers completed the Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS), and clinicians assessed multidimensional functioning with the Personal and Social Performance Scale (PSP). Impaired social responsiveness was identified in 20 (76.9%) participants, and manifest to marked difficulties in social functioning were identified in 13 (50%). Participants with impaired social responsiveness (SRS ≥ 60) had significantly worse scores in functionality measured with the PSP (U = 12.5; p = 0.009) and with three of the four PSP main areas. Moreover, scores for the Social Cognition domain of the SRS correlated positively with the Socially useful activities (p < 0.05) and Personal and social relationships (p < 0.01) main areas of the PSP. These results suggest that difficulties in social skills should be assessed in all psychosocial evaluations of patients with PWS.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Keywords

  • Prader-Willi syndrome
  • Autism
  • Autism spectrum disorders
  • Social responsiveness
  • Social function
  • Functionality
  • Function

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