Percepción social de la violencia en la pareja desde los estereotipos de género.

Translated title of the contribution: Social Perception through Gender Stereotypes of Partner Violence

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearch


. The overall goal of this research was to assess the degree of social attachment of certain stereotypes about gender (male provider; female caregiver) and violence (violent, peaceful woman) and is
framed in the context of a debate about the extent and limits of a gender approach when it comes to understanding and preventing violence in different types of partner. 741 people were involved in the research,
two thirds of them women, living in Spain, Mexico, Puerto Rico and El Salvador. In each country, they
agreed to a stratified convenience sample according to criteria of gender, age, education level, occupational status and sexual orientation. In one session lasting between 35 and 60 minutes, the participants first
answered an IAT (Implicit Association Test) and then a series of items in a questionnaire with closed and
open ended questions. One section includes 48 items referring to “activities” that the person must categorize numerically on a scale of 1-7, with a semantic differential format, and whose poles are “male” and
“woman.” In this series two scales of 24 items each are mixed: hardness and tenderness. From the information obtained it is seen that samples from all countries organize their perception of partner violence
according to gender stereotypes. Men and women both perceived attributes of the hardness scale to be masculine, and those of tenderness to be feminine, with these perceived differences in terms of gender role
behaviors being even more enhanced and further polarized by the women. The socio-cultural anchor of the
gender violence stereotype has theoretical and social implications in that it visualizes abuse from a man to
a woman in the heterosexual couple and blurs that which occurs in other forms of partner. This raises topics which should be urgently addressed in the research agenda.
Key words: violence, couple, gender, stereotypes.
Translated title of the contributionSocial Perception through Gender Stereotypes of Partner Violence
Original languageMultiple languages
Pages (from-to)121-129
JournalIntervención Psicosocial
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2010


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