Small Bowel Motility

Carolina Malagelada, Juan R. Malagelada

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleResearchpeer-review

    10 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    © 2017, Springer Science+Business Media New York. Purpose of review: Small bowel motility disorders constitute a relatively small but important segment of clinical gastroenterology. Presenting features encompass a broad range of symptom manifestations and severity: from chronic functional-type complaints to life-threatening nutritional impairment. Diagnostic assessment of patients with suspected intestinal motility disorders is often hampered by the complexity of measuring intestinal contractile activity in humans. In this review, we describe and critically comment the main current and forthcoming methodologies. Recent findings: Beyond conventional small bowel manometry, radiological methods, and intestinal transit tests that have been available for several decades, now we focus on novel methodologies such as high-resolution manometry, magnetic resonance methodology, and endoluminal capsule image analysis. Summary: Gradual introduction of new approaches to diagnostic investigation of patients with suspected intestinal motility disorders should facilitate a less invasive and more accurate characterization of disturbed motor function. Enhanced understanding of the pathophysiological basis of clinical conditions should allow better application of therapeutic approaches that are also highlighted in this review.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number26
    JournalCurrent Gastroenterology Reports
    Volume19
    Issue number6
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2017

    Keywords

    • Endoluminal image analysis
    • Intestinal manometry
    • Intestinal motility
    • Magnetic resonance imaging
    • Small bowel

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