SIRT2 Inhibition Improves Functional Motor Recovery After Peripheral Nerve Injury

David Romeo-Guitart, Tatiana Leiva-Rodríguez, Caty Casas*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Sirtuin-2 (Sirt2) is a member of the NAD (+)-dependent protein deacetylase family involved in neuroprotection, cellular metabolism, homeostasis, and stress responses after injury of the nervous system. So far, no data have been published describing the role of SIRT2 in motor functional recovery after damage. We found that SIRT2 expression and deacetylase activity were increased within motoneurons after axotomy. To shed light onto the biological relevance of this change, we combined in vitro and in vivo models with pharmacological and genetic ablation approaches. We found that SIRT2 KO (knockout) mice exhibited improved functional recovery after sciatic nerve crush. SIRT2 activity blockage, using AK7, increased neurite outgrowth and length in organotypic spinal cord cultures and human cell line models. SIRT2 blockage enhanced the acetyltransferase activity of p300, which in turn increased the levels of an acetylated form of p53 (Ac-p53 k373), histone 3 (Ac-H3K9), and expression of GAP43, a downstream marker of regeneration. Lastly, we verified that p300 acetyltransferase activity is essential for these effects. Our results suggest that bolstering an epigenetic shift that promotes SIRT2 inhibition can be an effective therapy to increase functional recovery after peripheral nerve injury.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1197-1211
Number of pages15
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2020


  • axonal regeneration
  • epigenetics
  • GAP43
  • Motoneuron
  • p300
  • sirtuin 2


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