Single dose of intravenous ferric carboxymaltose infusion versus multiple fractionated doses of intravenous iron sucrose in the treatment of postoperative anaemia in colorectal cancer patients: Study protocol for a randomised controlled trial 11 Medical and Health Sciences 1103 Clinical Sciences

María Jesús Laso-Morales, Roser Vives, Andrea Vallejo-Tarrat, Novella Caló, Anna Valle-Beltran, Caridad Pontes

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Abstract

© 2019 The Author(s). Background: Patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) often present with associated anaemia which is usually present at the time of diagnosis and is aggravated during the postoperative period due to blood loss during the surgery process. Several guidelines advocate for the treatment of postoperative anaemia in these patients in order to prevent complications and allogeneic blood transfusions. However, there are no publications to shed light on the effectiveness of intravenous iron (IVI) administration after CRC surgery and the optimal dose and regimen. We have started a clinical trial with the objective of comparing the effectiveness of 1000 mg of ferric carboxymaltose with fractionated iron sucrose 200 g/48 h for the treatment of postoperative anaemia, by measuring the change of haemoglobin (Hb) levels from postoperative day (POD) 1 to POD 30. Methods: We designed an open label randomised controlled trial to compare two postoperative IVI treatment regimens. Patients aged > 18 years undergoing CRC surgery, with Hb < 11 g/dL on POD 1 are randomly assigned to receive either 1000 mg of ferric carboxymaltose (single dose) or 200 g/48 h of iron sucrose. The main study endpoint will be the change from POD 1 to POD 30 in Hb levels and the key secondary endpoint the percentage of patients with Hb levels ≥ 13 g/dL at POD 30. Other secondary endpoints include: changes in iron metabolism parameters (Fe, ferritin, transferrin, % saturated trasferrin) at POD 30; total doses of iron received; number of postoperative transfusions; compliance with oral iron treatment; number of medical and surgical complications; adverse reactions reported by the patient; use of health resources after surgery; and changes in quality of life (QoL). It has been estimated that a sample of 48 patients per group will allow detecting a difference of 0.75 g/dL in Hb in the change in Hb levels from POD 1 to POD 30. Discussion: The results of this study will confirm if the single dose of 1000 mg ferric carboxymaltose should be preferred in front of the fractionated doses and in which type of patients this regimen should be used preferably. Trial registration: European Union Clinical Trials Register, EudraCT 2015-001005-13. Registered on 6 January 2015.
Original languageEnglish
Article number23
JournalTrials
Volume20
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Jan 2019

Keywords

  • Colorectal cancer
  • Intravenous iron
  • Postoperative anaemia

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