Simulation of the expected performance of a seamless scanner for brain pet based on highly pixelated CdTe detectors

Ekaterina Mikhaylova, Gianluca De Lorenzo, Mokhtar Chmeissani, Machiel Kolstein, Mario Cañadas, Pedro Arce, Yonatan Calderón, Dilber Uzun, Gerard Arino, Jose Gabriel Macias-Montero, Ricardo Martinez, Carles Puigdengoles, Enric Cabruja

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


The aim of this work is the evaluation of the design for a nonconventional PET scanner, the voxel imaging PET (VIP), based on pixelated room-temperature CdTe detectors yielding a true 3-D impact point with a density of 450 channels cm3, for a total 6 336 000 channels in a seamless ring shaped volume. The system is simulated and evaluated following the prescriptions of the NEMA NU 2-2001 and the NEMA NU 4-2008 standards. Results show that the excellent energy resolution of the CdTe detectors (1.6%for 511 keV photons), together with the small voxel pitch (1×1×2mm3), and the crack-free ring geometry, give the design the potential to overcome the current limitations of PET scanners and to approach the intrinsic image resolution limits set by physics. The VIP is expected to reach a competitive sensitivity and a superior signal purity with respect to values commonly quoted for state-of-the-art scintillating crystal PETs. The system can provide 14 cps/kBq with a scatter fraction of 3.95% and 21 cps/kBq with a scatter fraction of 0.73% according to NEMA NU 2-2001 and NEMA NU 4-2008, respectively. The calculated NEC curve has a peak value of 122 kcps at 5.3 kBq/mL for NEMA NU 2-2001 and 908 kcps at 1.6MBq/mL for NEMA NU 4-2008. The proposed scanner can achieve an image resolution of ∼ 1 mm full-width at half-maximum in all directions. The virtually noise-free data sample leads to direct positive impact on the quality of the reconstructed images. As a consequence, high-quality high-resolution images can be obtained with significantly lower number of events compared to conventional scanners. Overall, simulation results suggest theVIP scanner can be operated either at normal dose for fast scanning and high patient throughput, or at low dose to decrease the patient radioactivity exposure. The design evaluation presented in this work is driving the development and the optimization of a fully operative prototype to prove the feasibility of the VIP concept. © 1982-2012 IEEE.
Original languageEnglish
Article number6620952
Pages (from-to)332-339
JournalIEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2014


  • Brain
  • nuclear imaging
  • system design


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