Simulated magnetic field expulsion in neutron star cores

J. G. Elfritz, J. A. Pons, N. Rea, K. Glampedakis, D. Viganò

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

    30 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    © 2017 The Authors. The study of long-term evolution of neutron star (NS) magnetic fields is key to understanding the rich diversity of NS observations, and to unifying their nature despite the different emission mechanisms and observed properties. Such studies in principle permit a deeper understanding of the most important parameters driving their apparent variety, e.g. radio pulsars, magnetars, X-ray dim isolated NSs, gamma-ray pulsars. We describe, for the first time, the results from self-consistent magnetothermal simulations considering not only the effects of the Hall-driven field dissipation in the crust, but also adding a complete set of proposed driving forces in a superconducting core. We emphasize how each of these core-field processes drive magnetic evolution and affect observables, and show that when all forces are considered together in vectorial form, the net expulsion of core magnetic flux is negligible, and will have no observable effect in the crust (consequently in the observed surface emission) on megayear time-scales. Our new simulations suggest that strong magnetic fields in NS cores (and the signatures on the NS surface) will persist long after the crustal magnetic field has evolved and decayed, due to the weak combined effects of dissipation and expulsion in the stellar core.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)4461-4474
    JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
    Volume456
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 9 Jan 2016

    Keywords

    • Methods: numerical
    • Stars: evolution
    • Stars: magnetars
    • Stars: magnetic field
    • Stars: neutron

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