Silica depleted melting of pelites. Petrogenetic grid and application to the Susqueda aureole, Spain

M. Riesco, K. Stüwe, J. Reche, F. J. Martinez

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23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Metapelitic rocks in the low pressure contact metamorphic aureole around the Susqueda igneous complex, Spain show a number of features that make them an ideal testing ground for the modelling of silica-undersaturated melting. Rocks in the aureole experienced localized depletion in silica by the segregation of quartz veins during a pre-anatectic, regional cordierite-andalusite grade metamorphic event. These rocks were then intruded by gabbroic to dioritic rocks of the Susqueda igneous complex that formed a migmatitic contact metamorphic aureole in the country rocks. This migmatisation event caused quartz-saturated hornfels and restite formation in rocks that had experienced no quartz vein segregation in the previous regional metamorphic event, but silica-undersaturated melting in those rocks that were previously depleted in silica. Silica-undersaturated melting is investigated using a new petrogenetic P-T projection and equilibrium pseudosections calculated in the KFMASH and NCKFMASH systems, respectively. The grid considers quartz absent equilibria and a range of phases that form typically in silica-undersaturated bulk compositions, for example corundum. It is shown that the quartz-rich precursors in the Susqueda contact aureole produced about 10% melt during contact metamorphism. However, most of this melt was extracted leaving behind rocks with restitic bulk compositions and minor leucosome segregation. It is suggested that the melt mixed with the host igneous rocks causing an apparent magmatic zoning from diorite in the centre of the complex to tonalite at the margins. In contrast, the quartz-poor precursors (from which the quartz veins segregated) melted in the silica-undersaturated field producing a range of assemblages including peritectic corundum and spinel. Melting of the silica-undersaturated rocks produced only negligible melt and no subsequent melt loss. © 2004 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)475-494
JournalJournal of Metamorphic Geology
Volume22
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2004

Keywords

  • Corundum
  • Melting
  • Petrogenetic grid
  • Silica depletion
  • Susqueda Spain

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