Signalment, Immunological and Parasitological Status and Clinicopathological Findings of Leishmania -Seropositive Apparently Healthy Dogs

Marta Baxarias, Oriol Jornet-Rius, Giulia Donato, Cristina Mateu, M. Magdalena Alcover, Maria Grazia Pennisi, Laia Solano Gallego

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Canine leishmaniosis is a complex infection that ranges from the apparent absence of disease to a severe fatal clinical illness. Numerous epidemiological serosurveys have been carried out in Europe, although these studies often lack assessment of clinical health status. The aim of this study was to evaluate signalment, immunological and parasitological status correlated with clinicopathological findings of L. infantum -seropositive apparently healthy dogs living in endemic areas of Europe. Routine laboratory tests, endpoint in-house ELISA to quantify the anti- Leishmania antibodies, blood Leishmania quantitative PCR (qPCR) and IFN-γ ELISA were performed. Dogs were classified as healthy or sick depending on the results of routine laboratory tests. Seropositive sick dogs presented a worse clinical status that included a higher proportion of medium to high antibody levels and positive qPCR, lower IFN-γ concentration and several clinicopathological findings compared to truly healthy seropositive dogs. In conclusion, further investigation of apparently healthy L. infantum -seropositive dogs is necessary in the clinical setting, as a significant proportion of seropositive dogs that are sick with clinicopathological findings remain undetected if routine laboratory tests are not undertaken. Performing these routine laboratory tests with the combination of a thorough physical examination will improve early disease diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of clinical leishmaniosis. Canine leishmaniosis caused by Leishmania infantum is a disease with a wide range of clinical manifestations. Epidemiological serosurveys performed in Europe often lack a thorough assessment of clinical health status of studied dogs. The aim of this study was to evaluate signalment, immunological and parasitological status and clinicopathological findings of L. infantum -seropositive apparently healthy dogs (n = 212) living in endemic areas. Routine laboratory tests, endpoint in-house ELISA to quantify the anti- Leishmania antibodies, blood Leishmania qPCR and IFN-γ ELISA were performed. All dogs enrolled were L. infantum -seropositive and were classified as healthy (n = 105) or sick (n = 107) according to LeishVet guidelines. The sick group presented a higher proportion of medium to high antibody levels and positive qPCR and lower IFN-γ concentration compared to the healthy group. Sick dogs were mostly classified in LeishVet stage IIa. Biochemical alterations (98%) were the most common clinicopathological findings, with fewer urinary tract (46%) and hematological (40%) alterations. Apparently healthy L. infantum -seropositive dogs can be classified between truly healthy dogs and sick dogs with clinicopathological findings. Sick dogs presented medium to high seropositivity and parasitemia and low IFN-γ concentrations, and their most common clinicopathological abnormalities were serum protein alterations followed by proteinuria and lymphopenia.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1649
JournalAnimals
Volume13
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 May 2023

Keywords

  • ELISA
  • IFN-γ
  • Leishmania infantum
  • antibody level
  • canine leishmaniosis
  • quantitative PCR

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Signalment, Immunological and Parasitological Status and Clinicopathological Findings of Leishmania -Seropositive Apparently Healthy Dogs'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this