© 2017 Springer. Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy is a very frequent neurological complication in cancer. Oxaliplatin (OXA) is a platinum analogue used as a first-line agent in the treatment of colorectal cancer. OXA induced peripheral neuropathy (OIN) is the main toxicity both during and after the completion of chemotherapy that presents as two distinct syndromes: Acute and chronic neuropathy. None of the neuroprotective agents previously tested had prevented or limited the acute and/or chronic OIN. MR309 (previously developed as E-52862) is a novel selective sigma-1 receptor (S1R) antagonist with preclinical analgesic activity in OXA-induced neuropathic pain in animal models. This review analyzes the results of the recently published phase II, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial including 124 patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) treated with MR309. This study shows encouraging findings in the setting of neuroprotection against OIN with an acceptable safety profile. The study demonstrated MR309 usefulness in decreasing acute OIN, by reducing cold hypersensitivity experienced by patients, and pointed to the amelioration of chronic OIN by lowering the proportion of patients who developed severe chronic OIN. In addition, we provide a summary and discussion on the pathways that can be modulated by the S1R to explain the observed clinical benefits in the OIN.
- chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy
- sigma-1 receptor