Should We Care About the Needs of Non-humans? Needs Assessment: A Tool for Environmental Conflict Resolution and Sustainable Organization of Living Beings

Catherine Jolibert, Manfred Max-Neef, Felix Rauschmayer, Jouni Paavola

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

    13 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    This article extends the Human-scale Development methodology to include non-humans. We found this wider approach to be helpful in analysing the conflict of interest between fish farming and otter protection in the Natural Reserve of the Sado River estuary in Portugal. Our analysis of this environmental conflict goes beyond the anthropocentric view restricted to human needs to include all stakeholder needs, i.e. both human and non-human 'actants'. The needs-based analysis aims to ensure that local development strategies are more sustainable, improving interactions between all living beings, not just humans.© 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd and ERP Environment.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)259-269
    JournalEnvironmental Policy and Governance
    Volume21
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2011

    Keywords

    • Environmental conflict
    • Human needs theory
    • Needs
    • Non-human
    • Satisfiers

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