Short-Term Treatment Outcomes and Dropout Risk in Men and Women with Eating Disorders

Zaida Agüera, Isabel Sánchez, Roser Granero, Nadine Riesco, Trevor Steward, Virginia Martín-Romera, Susana Jiménez-Murcia, Xandra Romero, Mariarita Caroleo, Cristina Segura-García, José Manuel Menchon, Fernando Fernández-Aranda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Copyright © 2017 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd and Eating Disorders Association. This study compared treatment outcomes between men and women with eating disorders (EDs) and analysed clinical predictors of treatment outcome. Our sample consisted of 131 male and 131 female ED patients who underwent cognitive behavioural therapy treatment. ED severity, personality and psychopathology were assessed using standard instruments. We found that the risk of dropout was higher for men with bulimia nervosa (BN) than for women with BN and that men with BN and other specified feeding and EDs were more likely to obtain full remission in comparison with their female counterparts. Predictive models of treatment outcome indicated that higher scores in novelty seeking were a shared factor associated with higher risk of dropout and not obtaining full remission for both men and women with ED. However, only in men, younger age and lower scores in reward dependence predicted higher dropout. Contrastingly, higher persistence scores were predictors of full remission. This study reinforces the effectiveness of using outpatient cognitive behavioural therapy as treatment as usual for men with ED. Nonetheless, placing greater emphasis on strategies targeting gender-specific issues could enhance outcomes. Copyright © 2017 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd and Eating Disorders Association.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)293-301
JournalEuropean Eating Disorders Review
Volume25
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2017

Keywords

  • cognitive behavioural therapy
  • dropout
  • eating disorders
  • gender
  • treatment outcome

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