Short closure time values in PFA–100® are related to venous thrombotic risk. Results from the RETROVE Study

Miquel Vázquez-Santiago, Noelia Vilalta, Biel Cuevas, Joaquim Murillo, Dolors Llobet, Raquel Macho, Núria Pujol-Moix, Marina Carrasco, José Mateo, Jordi Fontcuberta, José Manuel Soria, Juan Carlos Souto

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2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2018 Elsevier Ltd Introduction: Platelets play a role in the pathophysiology of venous thromboembolism (VTE). Some studies have not found an association between VTE and platelet aggregation. The PFA–100® analyser is an in vitro assay for assessing primary haemostasis. But, there are no studies to evaluate its association with VTE. We investigated the contribution of the global platelet function and aggregation in the development of VTE. Material and methods: We analysed 800 individuals who were included in the RETROVE Study (Riesgo de Enfermedad TROmboembólica VEnosa). Global platelet function was evaluated as closure times (CT) with the agonists ADP and epinephrine using a PFA–100® analyser. Platelet aggregation was evaluated by Multiplate™ analyser. The VTE risk for all the parameters was calculated by unconditional logistic regression analyses considering the potential confounders: age, gender, body mass index (BMI), factor VIII (FVIII), the von Willebrand factor (vWF) and the ABO blood group system. Results: The unadjusted odds ratio (OR) values ≤10th percentile for the PFAadp and PFAepi were 4.02 (95% CI, 2.76–5.95) and 3.33 (2.27–4.97). Also, after adjusting for vWF, we obtained lower OR for the PFAadp and for PFAepi: 2.24 (1.44–3.49) and 1.63 (1.04–2.59). But, the whole blood aggregation parameters did not shown an association with VTE risk. Conclusion: We demonstrated an association between short CT and VTE risk. Although, the whole blood aggregation parameters did not show an association with the VTE risk. This striking contrast suggests that there are other platelet function mechanisms (e.g. adhesion) that are responsible of VTE risk.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)57-63
JournalThrombosis Research
Volume169
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2018

Keywords

  • Closure times
  • PFA phenotypes
  • Platelets
  • Venous thromboembolism
  • Whole blood aggregation

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