Sharing in a context of rural development. A study among a contemporary Hunter-Gatherer society in Indonesia

Lucentezza Napitupulu, Maximilien Guèze, Victoria Reyes-García

Research output: Chapter in BookChapterResearchpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017. This chapter looks into the practice of sharing among a contemporary hunter-gatherer society, the Punan Tubu from North Kalimantan, Indonesia, to explore whether sharing changes with increasing participation in the market economy and national development programs. As the Punan Tubu are experiencing rapid social changes partially driven by government cash-transfer programs, our study offers a unique opportunity to examine how sharing varies along varying levels of involvement in such process. During 18 months of fieldwork in two villages, we recorded observations of giving (n = 543) and receiving (n = 544) amongst 118 adults. Our results suggest that sharing prevails among contemporary Punan Tubu. However, we found that there are variations in the products being shared. This variation seems to be related to the product’s visibility and cultural meaning, and also to the way it was produced. Although sharing behaviour is not directly related to individual levels of integration in the market economy, nor to participation in national development programs, changes in practices of sharing may occur as market food products are shared differently from non-market products, including meat, wild edibles, and/or cultivated food.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHunter-Gatherers in a Changing World
Pages127-147
Number of pages20
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2016

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