Effects of the parkinsonism inducing neurotoxin 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) on striatal dopamine metabolism and the influence of sex on the recovery were investigated in adult (2-month-old) male and female C57/BL mice. We present here evidence that MPTP treatment (2 doses of 30 mg/kg i.p., each at 24 h interval) produced a similar reduction (-65% to -70%) of striatal dopamine in both sexes 24 h after the last injection of MPTP, and a greater loss of the metabolites in the female group. In contrast to the partial recovery observed in the male group, an increased dopamine loss occurred in the female group within 10 days following the last injection of MPTP. This impairment in recovery appears to be different to the one already observed in aged (24-month-old) male mice treated in similar conditions. As the neurotoxic effects of MPTP depend on its conversion to the 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium ion (MPP+) by monoamine oxidase B (MAO B), the presence of a different peripheral or central MAO B type in female mice could be in part responsible for these sex related effects. To investigate this possibility, MAO A and B activities were characterized in liver and brain of adult female control mice during the different steps of the oestrous cycle and compared to those of adult control male mice. Significant differences in MAO A and MAO B activities could be detected during the oestrous cycle and between the adult male and female groups. It is concluded that MAO B may be involved in the sex related effects of MPTP. © 1994.
|Publication status||Published - 1 Aug 1994|
- MAO A
- MAO B
- Sex sensitivity