Severe drought effects on mediterranean woody flora in Spain

Josep Peñuelas, Francisco Lloret, Ramón Montoya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

202 Citations (Scopus)


The severe drought in 1994 damaged the woody flora of central and southern Spain (80% of the 190 studied sites presented drought-damaged species). In 1996, after a wet year, 67% of the sites were still affected. Different degrees of damage and recovery were found among different functional types (trees or shrubs), and genera of different evolutionary history (Mediterranean or pre-Mediterranean). The Mediterranean genera, mostly shrubs evolved under Mediterranean climate conditions, i.e., later than 3.2 M years ago in the Pliocene, were more damaged by the drought than the earlier evolved pre-Mediterranean genera, mostly trees. However, the Mediterranean genera were more resilient and recovered much better after the following wet year.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)214-218
JournalForest Science
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2001


  • Drought
  • Evolutionary history
  • Functional types
  • Global change
  • Mediterranean vegetation

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