Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii antibodies in wild carnivores from Spain

R. Sobrino, O. Cabezón, J. Millán, M. Pabón, M. C. Arnal, D. F. Luco, C. Gortázar, J. P. Dubey, S. Almeria

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Serum samples from 282 wild carnivores from different regions of Spain were tested for antibodies to Toxoplasma gondii by the modified agglutination test using a cut-off value of 1:25. Antibodies to T. gondii were found in 22 of 27 (81.5%) of Iberian lynx (Lynx pardinus), 3 of 6 European wildcats (Felis silvestris), 66 of 102 (64.7%) red foxes (Vulpes vulpes), 15 of 32 (46.9%) wolves (Canis lupus), 26 of 37 (70.3%) Eurasian badgers (Meles meles), 17 of 20 (85.0%) stone martens (Martes foina), 4 of 4 pine martens (Martes martes), 6 of 6 Eurasian otters (Lutra lutra), 4 of 4 polecats (Mustela putorius), 1 of 1 ferret (Mustela putorius furo), 13 of 21 (61.9%) European genets (Genetta genetta), and 13 of 22 (59.1%) Egyptian mongooses (Herpestes ichneumon). Serological results indicated a widespread exposure to T. gondii among wild carnivores in Spain. The high T. gondii seroprevalence in Iberian lynx and the European wildcat reported here may be of epidemiologic significance because seropositive cats might have shed oocysts.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)187-192
JournalVeterinary Parasitology: Regional Studies and Reports
Publication statusPublished - 30 Sep 2007


  • European wildcat (Felis silvestris)
  • Iberian lynx (Lynx pardinus)
  • Seroprevalence
  • Spain
  • Toxoplasma gondii
  • Wild carnivores


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