Semaphorin 7A as a Potential Therapeutic Target for Multiple Sclerosis

Ana Gutiérrez-Franco, Herena Eixarch, Carme Costa, Vanessa Gil, Mireia Castillo, Laura Calvo-Barreiro, Xavier Montalban, José A. Del Río, Carmen Espejo

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12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2016, Springer Science+Business Media New York. Semaphorin 7A (sema7A) is classified as an immune semaphorin with dual functions in the immune system and in the central nervous system (CNS). These molecules are of interest due to their potential role in multiple sclerosis (MS), which is a chronic demyelinating and neurodegenerative disease of autoimmune origin. In this study, we elucidated the role of sema7A in neuroinflammation using both in vitro and in vivo experimental models. In an in vitro model of neuroinflammation, using cerebellar organotypic slice cultures, we observed that challenge with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) endotoxin did not affect demyelination or cell death in sema7A-deficient cultures compared to wild-type cultures. Moreover, the in vivo outcome of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) in sema7A-deficient mice was altered in an antigen- and adjuvant-dose-dependent manner, while no differences were observed in the wild-type counterparts. Altogether, these results indicate that sema7A is involved in peripheral immunity and CNS inflammation in MS pathogenesis. Indeed, these data suggest that sema7A might be a potential therapeutic target to treat MS and autoimmune conditions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4820-4831
JournalMolecular Neurobiology
Volume54
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2017

Keywords

  • Experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Neurodegeneration
  • Neuroinflammation
  • Semaphorin 7A

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    Gutiérrez-Franco, A., Eixarch, H., Costa, C., Gil, V., Castillo, M., Calvo-Barreiro, L., Montalban, X., Del Río, J. A., & Espejo, C. (2017). Semaphorin 7A as a Potential Therapeutic Target for Multiple Sclerosis. Molecular Neurobiology, 54(6), 4820-4831. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12035-016-0154-2