Selection of reference regions to model neurodegeneration in huntington disease by 18 F-FDG PET/CT using imaging and clinical parameters

Diego Alfonso López Mora, Frederic Sampedro, Valle Camacho, Alejandro Fernández, Francisco Fuentes, Joan Duch, Jesús Pérez-Perez, Saül Martínez-Horta, Juan Marín-Lahoz, Anna Domènech, Albert Flotats, Montserrat Estorch, Jaime Kulisevsky, Ignasi Carrió

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearch

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2018 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved. Objective Normalization to an appropriate reference region in 18 F-FDG PET imaging may enhance diagnostic performance in Huntington disease (HD). We aimed to identify stable brain areas that could be used to model neurometabolic degeneration in HD correlating imaging (SUVr values at the basal ganglia [BBGG]) and clinical parameters (disease burden score [DBS]). Materials and Methods We performed brain 18 F-FDG PET/CT in 38 manifest HD patients (mean age ± SD, 54 ± 14.3 years; CAG repeats ± SD, 44.2 ± 3.1), 20 premanifest HD patients (mean age ± SD, 42.7 ± 11.7 years; CAG repeats ± SD, 40 ± 3.8), and 18 healthy controls (NC; mean age ± SD, 45 ± 13.2 years). For quantitative analysis, we selected (a) defined reference regions from the Montreal Neurological Institute space atlas (pons, whole cerebellum, cerebral white matter, thalamus, and a pons-cerebellar vermis region of interest), and (b) reference clusters obtained by voxelwise statistical comparison across groups (P < 0.05 FWE; extent voxel threshold k = 200). Each candidate reference region and reference cluster was quantitatively assessed using imaging and clinical parameters. Results Comparing HD and NC groups, we obtained a reference cluster in the cerebellum, and in temporal and frontal lobes. Comparing manifest HD and premanifest HD patients, we observed reference clusters in the cerebellum, pons, thalamus, parietal lobe, and cuneus. The set of reference regions showed a significant correlation between SUVr values at the BBGG and DBS in all HD patients. In premanifest HD patients, the correlation between SUVr values at the BBGG and DBS was significant using the pons-cerebellar vermis region of interest, the thalamus as defined reference regions, and the pons and thalamus as reference clusters. In manifest HD patients, the correlation was significant using the temporal and white matter frontal lobe clusters. Variance between SUVr values in the set of reference regions and reference clusters was minimal within NC. Conclusions The pons may be a stable and reliable region to calculate SUVr values to model the neurometabolic degeneration in quantitative 18 F-FDG PET imaging in HD.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e1-e5
JournalClinical Nuclear Medicine
Volume44
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019

Keywords

  • 18 F-FDG PET/CT
  • Huntington disease
  • modeling neurodegeneration
  • reference cluster
  • reference region
  • statistical parametric mapping

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