Secrecy properties of quantum channels

A. Acín, J. Bae, E. Bagan, M. Baig, Ll Masanes, R. Muñoz-Tapia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We identify those properties of a quantum channel that are relevant for cryptography. We focus on general key distribution protocols that use prepare and measure schemes and the existing classical reconciliation techniques, as these are the protocols feasible with current technology. Given a channel, we derive an easily computable necessary condition of security for such protocols. In spite of its simplicity, this condition is shown to be tight for the Bennett-Brassard 1984 and six-state protocols. We show that the condition becomes also sufficient in the event of a so-called collective attack. © 2006 The American Physical Society.
Original languageEnglish
Article number012327
JournalPhysical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics
Volume73
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2006

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