Secondary prevention strategies after an acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction in the AMI code era: Beyond myocardial mechanical reperfusion

Núria Ribas, Cosme García-García, Oona Meroño, Lluís Recasens, Silvia Pérez-Fernández, Víctor Bazán, Neus Salvatella, Julio Martí-Almor, Jordi Bruguera, Roberto Elosua

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15 Citations (Scopus)


© 2017 The Author(s). Background: The AMI code is a regional network enhancing a rapid and widespread access to reperfusion therapy (giving priority to primary angioplasty) in patients with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). We aimed to assess the long-term control of conventional cardiovascular risk factors after a STEMI among patients included in the AMI code registry. Design and methods: Four hundred and fifty-four patients were prospectively included between June-2009 and April-2013. Clinical characteristics were collected at baseline. The long-term control of cardiovascular risk factors and cardiovascular morbidity/mortality was assessed among the 6-months survivors. Results: A total of 423 patients overcame the first 6 months after the STEMI episode, of whom 370 (87%) underwent reperfusion therapy (363, 98% of them, with primary angioplasty). At 1-year follow-up, only 263 (62%) had adequate blood pressure control, 123 (29%) had LDL-cholesterol within targeted levels, 126/210 (60%) smokers had withdrawn from their habit and 40/112 (36%) diabetic patients had adequate glycosylated hemoglobin levels. During a median follow-up of 20 (11-30) months, cumulative mortality of 6 month-survivors was 6.1%, with 9.9% of hospital cardiovascular readmissions. The lack of assessment of LDL and HDL-cholesterol were significantly associated with higher mortality and cardiovascular readmission rates. Conclusions: Whereas implementation of the AMI code resulted in a widespread access to rapid reperfusion therapy, its long-term therapeutic benefit may be partially counterbalanced by a manifestly suboptimal control of cardiovascular risk factors. Further efforts should be devoted to secondary prevention strategies after STEMI.
Original languageEnglish
Article number54
JournalBMC Cardiovascular Disorders
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 7 Feb 2017


  • Cardiovascular risk factors
  • Coronary angioplasty
  • Prognosis
  • Reperfusion therapy
  • ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction
  • Secondary prevention


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