In this work a one-fluid model of liquid helium II, based on extended irreversible thermodynamics, is further developed, in order to describe the action of quantized vortices on second sound propagation. The vortex array is described by means of a pressure tensor (formula presented) which may be related to some parameters describing the vorticity. The influence of the vortices on the heat flux is taken to be given by the contraction of this pressure tensor and the heat flux. Two situations with different geometries of the vortices are examined: superfluid in a rotating cylinder and thermal counterflow. In both of them, previously known results are recovered from this more general perspective. Finally, a generalization of Vinen’s equation for the evolution of the vortex line density including fractal effects is proposed on dimensional grounds, and its relation to recent experiments is briefly discussed. © 2002 The American Physical Society.
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2002|