Second law of thermodynamics and phonon-boundary conditions in nanowires

A. Sellitto, F. X. Alvarez, D. Jou

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57 Citations (Scopus)


The restrictions placed by the second law of thermodynamics on the boundary conditions have a special interest in nanosystems, where the Knudsen boundary layer, whose width is of the order of the mean-free path of heat carriers, becomes comparable to the size of the whole system. Here we explore second-order boundary conditions and show that the constraints of the classical irreversible thermodynamics are too restrictive, and that other formalisms going beyond local-equilibrium approach yield more realistic constraints for hydrodynamic phonon flow along nanowires. Furthermore, our analysis suggests a transition to zero thermal conductivity for very thin nanowires due to phonon backscattering. © 2010 American Institute of Physics.
Original languageEnglish
Article number064302
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2010


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