The stratified benthic microbial communities, which developed as a consequence of the physico-chemical gradients and the physiology of the inhabiting microorganisms, from Ebro Delta microbial mats were analyzed. 16S rRNA eubacterial and archaeal genes were amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). PCR products were separately digested with three different restriction enzymes (AluI, HinfI, and RsaI) and later separated by horizontal electrophoresis to determine whether changes of predominant ribotypes are occurring over a period of a year. Comparison of total restriction patterns was performed by scoring similarities by using the Jaccard coefficient and then building a multidimensional scaling (MDS) map from the resulting similarities matrix. The three enzymes gave a consistent result, a seasonal distribution instead of a spatial and/or physiological one.