© 2019 The Authors Purpose: Conjunctival nevi in young individuals can correspond to the entity named Inflammatory Juvenile Conjunctival Nevus (IJCN), presenting clinically as a rapid growth lesion, and showing at the histopathological study an inflammatory infiltrate surrounding the lesion. All these findings can suggest a diagnosis of malignancy. Due to a case of IJCN diagnosed in our Pathology department, we realized that this entity is rarely reported in the literature and histopathological diagnostic criteria are not well defined. The aim of our study is to compare the histopathological characteristics of conjunctival nevi in patients aged thirty years or less to those in patients above 30 years, looking for the findings described in IJCN. Methods: All the excisional specimens of resected conjunctival nevus in a tertiary hospital from 2000 to 2018 were retrieved from the Pathology department archives. Demographic data were recorded, and histopathological variables (histological type of nevus, lymphocytic infiltration, eosinophilic infiltration, presence of lymphoid follicles, stromal nevomelanocytic component, intraepithelial nevomelanocytic component, epithelial inclusions, quantity of goblet cells in epithelial inclusions, cellular atypia, mitoses and maturation of the lesion) were evaluated by three independent observers. Statistical analysis was performed comparing the two age groups. Results: The study determined a significant predominance of the lymphocytic and eosinophilic infiltration in the group of patients aged thirty years or less respect to the elderly group. The percentage of stromal component of the lesion is larger in patients over thirty years compared to the younger group. There was no correlation between epithelial inclusions, maturation or cytological atypia and age groups. Conclusion: We found some histopathological differences in conjunctival nevi related to young age, some of them coincident with the ones described in IJCN, which histopathologically could lead to a misleading diagnosis. However, we did not find significant differences related to age in many of the described histopathological findings described in IJCN. Larger series with a greater number of cases would be of interest to characterize more precisely this lesion.
- Conjunctival nevus
- Inflammatory juvenile conjunctival nevus
- Lymphocytic infiltration
- Melanocytic conjunctival lesion