Screening of parasitic diseases in the asymptomatic immigrant population

Lidia Goterris, Cristina Bocanegra, Núria Serre-Delcor, Zaira Moure, Begoña Treviño, Francesc Zarzuela, Mateu Espasa, Elena Sulleiro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2016 Elsevier España, S.L.U. Parasitic diseases suppose an important health problem in people from high endemic areas, so these must be discarded properly. Usually, these infections develop asymptomatically but, in propitious situations, are likely to reactivate themselves and can cause clinical symptoms and/or complications in the receiving country. Moreover, in some cases it is possible local transmission. Early diagnosis of these parasitic diseases made by appropriate parasitological techniques and its specific treatment will benefit both, the individual and the community. These techniques must be selected according to geoepidemiological criteria, patient's origin, migration route or time spent outside the endemic area; but other factors must also be considered as its sensitivity and specificity, implementation experience and availability. Given the high prevalence of intestinal parasites on asymptomatic immigrants, it is recommended to conduct a study by coproparasitological techniques. Because of its potential severity, the screening of asymptomatic malaria with sensitive techniques such as PCR (polymerase chain reaction) is also advisable. Serological screening for Chagas disease should be performed on all Latin American immigrants, except for people from the Caribbean islands. Other important parasites, which should be excluded, are filariasis and urinary schistosomiasis, by using microscopic examination. The aim of this paper is to review the different techniques for the screening of parasitic diseases and its advices within the care protocols for asymptomatic immigrants.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)25-31
JournalEnfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiologia Clinica
Volume34
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2016

Keywords

  • Asymptomatic
  • Chagas disease
  • Filariasis
  • Immigrants
  • Intestinal parasitosis
  • Malaria
  • Parasitic diseases
  • Schistosomiasis
  • Screening
  • Strongyloidiasis

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