Screening method to evaluate amino acid-decarboxylase activity of bacteria present in Spanish artisanal ripened cheeses

Diana Espinosa-Pesqueira, Artur X. Roig-Sagués, M. Manuela Hernández-Herrero

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearch

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2018 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/). A qualitative microplate screening method, using both low nitrogen (LND) and low glucose (LGD) decarboxylase broths, was used to evaluate the biogenic amine (BA) forming capacity of bacteria present in two types of Spanish ripened cheeses, some of them treated by high hydrostatic pressure. BA formation in decarboxylase broths was later confirmed by High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC). An optimal cut off between 10-25 mg/L with a sensitivity of 84% and a specificity of 92% was obtained when detecting putrescine (PU), tyramine (TY) and cadaverine (CA) formation capability, although these broths showed less capacity detecting histamine forming bacteria. TY forming bacteria were the most frequent among the isolated BA forming strains showing a strong production capability (exceeding 100 mg/L), followed by CA and PU formers. Lactococcus, Lactobacillus, Enterococcus and Leuconostoc groups were found as the main TY producers, and some strains were also able to produce diamines at a level above 100 mg/L, and probably ruled the BA formation during ripening. Enterobacteriaceae and Staphylococcus spp., as well as some Bacillus spp. were also identified among the BA forming bacteria isolated.
Original languageEnglish
Article number182
JournalFoods
Volume7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2018

Keywords

  • Artisanal cheese
  • Biogenic amines
  • Decarboxylase activity
  • High hydrostatic pressure
  • Screening method

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Screening method to evaluate amino acid-decarboxylase activity of bacteria present in Spanish artisanal ripened cheeses'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this