Screen-printable Electrochromic Polymer Inks and Ion Gel Electrolytes for the Design of Low-power, Flexible Electrochromic Devices

Sara Santiago, Miguel Aller, F. Javier del Campo, Gonzalo Guirado

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearch

2 Citations (Scopus)


© 2019 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim We have developed electrochromic inks and electrolyte materials to enable mass production of flexible electrochromic displays (ECDs) and other optoelectronic devices by screen printing. Here we present a new screen-printable ink incorporating electrochromic polymer, poly(3,4-propylenedioxythiophene)bis(ethylhexyloxy), referred to here as ECP-Magenta, and antimony-doped tin oxide (ATO/TiO2) particles to facilitate electron transport. Their dispersion in a P(VDF-co-HFP) binder leads to the formation of a new electrochromic ink that is suitable for screen printing. This strategy opens the door to the preparation of similar electrochromic inks based on other organic or polymeric compounds. This approach is scalable and can applied to different fields. Ion gels (IGs) composed of P(VDF-co-HFP) and room temperature ionic liquids (RTILs) are promising solid-state electrolytes with high ionic conductivity, flexibility, elasticity and eco-friendliness. The electrochemical features of different ion gels were analyzed as a function of composition and nature of the ionic liquid. Hence, new formulations of IGs were developed, evaluated by Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy, Cyclic Voltammetry, before being incorporated into ECDs. The electrochromic performance of ECP-Magenta ink combined with the RTIL-based IG was evaluated by terms of spectroelectrochemistry showing that fully flexible ECD operating at voltages below 1 V can be screen-printed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1664-1671
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2019


  • ECP-Magenta
  • Electrochromism
  • Iongel
  • Screen-printing

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