This study aims to describe international scientific production and collaboration in Epidemiology and Public Health. It is a bibliometric analysis of articles published during 1997-2002 in 39 international journals. The United States has the greatest production in absolute terms, participating in 46% of the articles studied. Next come Great Britain (13.3%), and Canada (6.8%). In 34.8% of the articles involved participation by at least one of the 15 European Union countries. After adjustment for population and GDP, the Scandinavian countries, The Netherlands, and Australia holding the leading positions. In terms of collaboration, groups of countries with similar profiles are observed. © 2008 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.