Scaling behavior of the cosmological constant and the possible existence of new forces and new light degrees of freedom

Ilya L. Shapiro, Joan Solà

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208 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A large value of the cosmological constant(CC) is induced in the Standard Model(SM) of Elementary Particle Physics because of Spontaneous Symmetry Breaking. To provide a small value of the observable CC one has to introduce the vacuum term which cancels the induced one at some point in the very far infrared cosmic scale. Starting from this point we investigate whether the cancellation is preserved at different energy scales. We find that the running of the Higgs mass, couplings and the vacuum term inevitably result in a scaling dependence of the observable value. As a consequence one meets a nonzero CC at an energy scale comparable to the typical electron neutrino mass suggested by some experiments, and the order of magnitude of this constant is roughly the one derived from recent supernovae observations. However the sign of it is negative - opposite to what is suggested by these observations. This discrepancy may be a hint of the existence of an extra very light scalar, perhaps a Cosmon-like dilaton, which should essentially decouple from the SM Lagrangian, but that it nevertheless could mediate new macroscopic forces in the submillimeter range. © 2000 Elsevier Science B.V.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)236-246
JournalPhysics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics
Volume475
Issue number3-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Mar 2000

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