Background and objective: Severe acute graft versus host disease (GVHD) and extensive chronic GVHD not responding to steroids have poor prognosis. Infliximab has reported to be effective in some of these patients. The efficacy of infliximab for the treatment of patients with steroid-resistant GVHD was evaluated. Patients and methods: Retrospective analysis to evaluate the activity and toxicity of infliximab in 9 patients with acute or chronic steroid resistant GVHD. Results: Six patients had acute GVHD and 3 chronic GVHD. The source of progenitors was peripheral blood in all patients except one. Six received matched-related SCT and 3 unrelated SCT. Patients received between 2 and 7 doses of infliximab, and 5 achieved a partial response. All patients presented infections: 4 developed Pseudomonas aeruginosa septicemia and 5 probable or confirmed infection by Aspergillus fumigatus. Conclusions: Infliximab provides transient response in steroid-resistant GVHD. However, it is associated with a high rate of infections. Earlier administration of infliximab should be explored to reduce the frequency of infections. © 2011 Elsevier España, S.L. All rights reserved.
|Publication status||Published - 25 Jun 2011|
- Failure to glucocorticoids
- Graft versus host disease