© 2014 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Background & Aims: The addition of protease inhibitors (PIs) changed the hepatitis C virus (HCV) treatment standards and improved sustained viral response (SVR) rates in patients with genotype 1 HCV infection. Methods: Prospective, multicentre, national registry that includes naïve and treatment-experienced patients with HCV genotype 1 infection, who had bridging fibrosis or cirrhosis and were treated with triple therapy (peginterferon alfa-2a or alfa-2b, ribavirin and boceprevir) as compassionate use, and in accordance with the Summary of Product Characteristics. Results: Most of the patients (68.2%) were male, with a mean age of 53 years, 75% (n = 128) had HCV 1b genotype and baseline viral load of 6.2 log. According to prior treatment, 20% of patients were treatment-naïve and 80% had received prior treatment. Approximately 36.5% of patients (n = 62) reported at least one serious adverse events (SAEs) (total SAEs = 103). The most common SAEs were neutropenia (57.6%), anaemia (47.6%) and grade 3 thrombopenia (25.9%). Patients with albumin <3.5 g/dl and bilirubin >2 mg/dl had an increased relative risk (greater than one-fold) for SAEs, including infections and hepatic decompensation. In the intent-to-treat analysis (n = 170), the overall percentage of patients with SVRw12 was 46.5%. In patients with 1 log decrease at week 4 (lead-in phase), the overall SVRw12 rate was 67.0%. In the patients initiating triple therapy with boceprevir (n = 139), the global response rate was 56.4%. In a multivariate analysis, an increased probability of achieving SVR was associated with response to prior treatment (relapsers), >1 log decrease in viral load in the lead-in phase and baseline albumin >3.5 g/dl. Conclusions: Triple therapy in patients with severe fibrosis/cirrhosis is associated with a higher rate of SAE and a lower rate in comparison with patients with mild disease. However, for patients with intact liver function, it could be considered as a treatment option, when other alternatives would not be available.
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2015|
- Compassionate use
- Hepatitis C
- Safety and efficacy
- Severe fibrosis