© 2019 American Heart Association, Inc. Background: Senescent cardiomyocytes exhibit a mismatch between energy demand and supply that facilitates their transition toward failing cells. Altered calcium transfer from sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) to mitochondria has been causally linked to the pathophysiology of aging and heart failure. Methods: Because advanced glycation-end products accumulate throughout life, we investigated whether intracellular glycation occurs in aged cardiomyocytes and its impact on SR and mitochondria. Results: Quantitative proteomics, Western blot and immunofluorescence demonstrated a significant increase in advanced glycation-end product-modified proteins in the myocardium of old mice (≥20months) compared with young ones (4-6months). Glyoxalase-1 activity (responsible for detoxification of dicarbonyl intermediates) and its cofactor glutathione were decreased in aged hearts. Immunolabeling and proximity ligation assay identified the ryanodine receptor (RyR2) in the SR as prominent target of glycation in aged mice, and the sites of glycation were characterized by quantitative mass spectrometry. RyR2 glycation was associated with more pronounced calcium leak, determined by confocal microscopy in cardiomyocytes and SR vesicles. Interfibrillar mitochondria - directly exposed to SR calcium release - from aged mice had increased calcium content compared with those from young ones. Higher levels of advanced glycation-end products and reduced glyoxalase-1 activity and glutathione were also present in atrial appendages from surgical patients ≥75 years as compared with the younger ones. Elderly patients also exhibited RyR2 hyperglycation and increased mitochondrial calcium content that was associated with reduced myocardial aerobic capacity (mitochondrial O2 consumption/g) attributable to less respiring mitochondria. In contracting HL-1 cardiomyocytes, pharmacological glyoxalase-1 inhibition recapitulated RyR2 glycation and defective SR-mitochondria calcium exchange of aging. Conclusions: Mitochondria from aging hearts develop calcium overload secondary to SR calcium leak. Glycative damage of RyR2, favored by deficient dicarbonyl detoxification capacity, contributes to calcium leak and mitochondrial damage in the senescent myocardium.
- sarcoplasmic reticulum