Four ewes fitted with ruminal and duodenal T-piece cannulae were each given six diets in a 6 × 4 factorial design. Diets or experimental treatments consisted of two ratios of forage: concentrate (700 : 150 (LC) and 400 : 600 (HC)). Forage was ammonia-treated straw and the concentrate was formulated with barley supplemented with one of three protein sources: sunflower meal, soya-bean meal or fish meal. Duodenal flows of digesta were estimated by the dual-phase technique using Co-EDTA and Yb acetate as liquid and solid markers. Microbial nitrogen (N) was estimated from the digesta flow of purine bases and 15N enrichment using as reference samples, bacterial isolates from the liquid (LAB) or solid (SAB) phase of rumen digesta. Duodenal flow of purine bases (mmol/day) was lower on LC (12·9) than HC (17·7) diets but in both treatments it was depressed by fish meal (12·3) compared with either soya-bean (17·3) or sunflower meal (16·3) as supplements (s.e. 1·13). Urinary excretion of purine derivatives showed a similar trend, 8·6 v. 11·1 mmol/day in LC and HC respectively and 8·8 v. 10·4 and 10·5 mmol/day in fish meal, soya-bean and sunflower meal diets (s.e. 0·56), respectively. Variation in excretion of urinary purine derivatives was mainly associated with digestible organic matter intake with an average ratio of 1·7 (s.e. 0·11) mmol per 100 g digestible organic matter intake. Irrespective of the microbial marker used, microbial yield was higher in animals offered HC than in those offered LC and with soya-bean or sunflower meal compared with fish meal supplemented diets. The microbial purine bases/N (mmol/g) ratio varied between LAB (1·99, s.e. 0·092) and SAB (1·69, s.e. 0·071) isolates leading to different estimates of microbial-N yield (g)from duodenal purine bases (7·76 (s.e. 2·84) v. 9·13 (s.e. 3-·4)), urinary excretion of allantoin (5·57 (s.e. 2·0) v. 6·57 (s.e. 2·03)) or total purine derivatives (6·43 (s.e. 2·9) v. 7·56 (s.e. 2·77)). Urinary excretion of allantoin or total purine derivatives provided consistently lower estimates of duodenal microbial-N than duodenal purine bases or 15N, although it closely reflected the pattern observed in direct measurements.
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 1997|
- Isotope labelling
- Protein sources
- Rumen bacteria